When a boat is or will be owned by more than one person, property sharing decision may have an important impact upon a resale, a share or a death. Documents to be signed in order to formalize the registration will take this decision into account.
A registered vessel is somewhat like a company and is divided into 64 shares that may be the property of one or more persons or corporation.
Each share or each group of shares may be owned by a maximum of 5 persons. The theoretical maximum number of owners implied in the ownership of a boat is then 5 times 64 giving 320 persons. Usually when more than 4 people wish to own a registered vessel, it is suggested that they incorporate a company.
If only a single person owns the 64 shares, he is sole owner of the entire boat.
Ownership in common by several persons of a specific number of shares. Two or more persons can have ownership.
Example: Mr. and Mrs. and their sister-in-law own together a boat, then they own together all the 64 shares of the vessel.
At time of sale, the payment from the buyer to the seller will be payable jointly to the three selling owners
Ex.: Mr. and Mrs. and the sister-in-law, together, borrow from the bank an amount of $ 50,000.00
- The bank prepares one loan agreement for $ 50,000.00
- All three (3) parties sign on the loan document
Each one of these persons is jointly and severally responsible for the repayment of the total amount of $ 50,000.00
- The bank records show only one mortgage signed by the three persons
Should one of the joint owners deceases, his testamentary succession does not inherit the boat. The surviving joint owners remain the only owners of the shares they were owning with the late. This is called the “Right of Survivorship”.
And so on up to the last owner's death, for whom the usual succession process applies. The "Right of Suvivorship" applies till all owners have passed away.
The boat is owned by blocks of person(s). Each block of person(s) owns a number of shares smaller than 64. The total of the shares owned by all the blocks equal to 64. The number of shares owned must be an integer number of shares (fractional shares are not accepted).
Block A: Peter owns 30 shares
Block B: John owns 10 shares
Block C: James and his child (legal age) own 24 shares
- for a great total of 64 shares
Each block of person(s) may sell a part or all the shares it owns, and get the amount of money representing “its own sale”. It is not necessary to sell the whole boat.
Block A: Peter may sell a part or all his 30 shares for $ 1,000.00, at his own option
Block B: John may sell a part or all his 10 shares for $ 25,000,00, at his own option
Block C: James and his child must sign, together, for the sale of a part or of all their shares for a prices at their own option
Should the "whole" boat be sold, each block of seller(s) will get the part of the selling price proportional to its number of shares for a total of 64.
Ex.: The bank lends an amount of $100,000.00
- The bank prepares a loan contract for $100,000.00
- The four (4) persons sign on the loan contract.
- Each one of the four persons is jointly and severally responsible for the repayment of the total amount of $100,000.00
A financial institution will always take the full boat in security. There will be as many mortgages as there are blocks of owners. A block may give only what it owns as security.
The bank files three (3) mortgages of $100,000.00 each:
a) Mortgage for block A, signed by Peter
b) Mortgage for block B, signed by John
c) Mortgage for block C, signed by James and his child
If Peter deceases, the usual death procedures apply.
If John deceases, the usual death procedures apply.
If James or his child deceases, the survivor becomes the sole owner of the 24 shares both were owning together.
This writing is a short summary of some of the topics to consider in relation with a vessel purchase, sale or credit.